Mortgage Dictionary – Thesaurus of Key Mortgage Terms

Home/Blog/Mortgage Dictionary – Thesaurus of Key Mortgage Terms
  • Advertiser Disclosure

    You’re our first priority.
    Every time.

    We believe everyone should be able to make financial decisions with confidence. And while our site doesn’t feature every company or financial product available on the market, we’re proud that the guidance we offer, the information we provide and the tools we create are objective, independent, straightforward — and free.

    So how do we make money? Our partners compensate us. This may influence which products we review and write about (and where those products appear on the site), but it in no way affects our recommendations or advice, which are grounded in thousands of hours of research. Our partners cannot pay us to guarantee favorable reviews of their products or services.

  • Mortgage Dictionary – Thesaurus of Key Mortgage Terms
    Mortgage Dictionary – Thesaurus of Key Mortgage Terms
    Is your monetary institution or dealer confusing you with tall phrases? Possess you esteem to desire to sound many of savvier when handling your mortgage transaction?This mortgage discover listing is a correct device to hone up in your mortgage vocabulary to assemble sense of what’s mostly a in reality confusing assignment.The more you be taught about reputedly sophisticated mortgage terms, the more misfortune you’ll instill in your monetary institution or dealer. Outsmart them early on and they’ll keep in mind carefully sooner than attempting to overcharge you.Take a take a study the ever-expanding “mortgage dictionary” beneath.  Develop sure to click on on the hyper-linked terms to acquire a more detailed definition the build appropriate:1031 Swap – a tax-deferred trade of exact estate employed to offset or even steer clear of capital gains tax.15-twelve months Fixed Mortgage – a mounted-fee residence loan that has half the humble term of 30 years.203k Mortgage – an FHA loan that helps you to finance residence enhancements and eternal financing in a single mortgage loan.3/1 ARM – An ARM that is mounted for the indispensable three years (36 months) of the loan term sooner than turning into yearly adjustable.5/1 ARM – An ARM that doesn’t comprise its first adjustment till yr six, and then adjusts as soon as yearly thereafter.Adjustable-Price Mortgage (ARM) – a mortgage with a variable hobby fee, which adjusts month-to-month, biannually, or yearly. Risk-fingers and hybrid mortgages are additionally thought of adjustable-fee mortgages.Alt-A Mortgage – a residence loan that isn’t top or subprime, nonetheless someplace in the center.Amortization – the vogue a loan is paid off over time in installments, detailing how great goes against hobby, and how great is paid against major.Annual Percentage Price (APR) – the actual hobby fee you pay in your mortgage, which components in funds, aspects, and varied prices associated with the loan.Assumption – the act of assuming responsibility for the price of a mortgage lien.Balloon Mortgage – a non eternal mortgage with miniature month-to-month installments and a mammoth lump sum due at the tip of the loan term. An instance might perhaps well be a 30 due in 15, which amortizes esteem a 30 yr mounted, nonetheless is due 15 years earlier.Biweekly Mortgage – a mortgage the build 26 half funds, or thirteen fat funds, are made yearly.Blanket Mortgage – a single residence loan weak to give financing for multiple properties, comparable to rental devices.Bridge Mortgage – a short term loan taken out against one property to finance the acquisition of a brand recent property.Pick on-Down – the act of securing a decrease than par hobby fee by paying the monetary institution a lender a top fee.Caps – initial, periodic, and lifelong price caps which limit how great and how continuously an hobby fee can trade on an adjustable-fee mortgage.Cash-In Refinance – a refinance transaction the build debtors carry money to the closing desk to diminish their mortgage steadiness.Certificate of Cheap Payment (CRV) – an appraisal issued by the Veterans Administration to establish the label of a property. The loan quantity can also no longer exceed the CRV on a VA loan.Closing – the final step in the loan assignment when loan documents are signed at an escrow or title company.Closing Costs – the quantity of money that must be paid to shut your loan, in conjunction with lender funds and third-birthday party funds, along with taxes and switch funds.Combo Mortgage – a first and 2nd mortgage weak similtaneously to finance a property.Conforming Mortgage – a loan that meets Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac pointers, which additionally falls beneath a undeniable loan quantity.Construction Mortgage – a non eternal loan given to a builder all the draw via intervals of the building assignment which is due upon completion of the venture.Aged Mortgage – any mortgage loan that is no longer insured or guaranteed by the federal executive.Credit Anecdote – a tool weak by the monetary institution or lender to be taught about your credit profile and your means to withhold and repay debt.Credit Rating – a three-digit number that is weak by lenders to evaluate your creditworthiness. There are minimal rankings for many residence loan programs.Debt-to-Earnings Ratio – the ratio of month-to-month liabilities and housing prices divided by the month-to-month snide profits of the borrower.Deed-in-Lieu of Foreclosure – a methodology of warding off foreclosures by deeding your property to the lender.Deed of Belief – a safety instrument between the borrower and the lender, recorded in public details as a lien on the topic property. It differs from a mortgage in that the monetary institution can foreclose on the property without judicial proceedings.Deferred Ardour – the quantity of hobby added to the major loan steadiness when a borrower pays no longer up to the hobby-simplest display fee (seek: option arm).Delinquency – the failure to assemble a month-to-month mortgage price on time, that would also at closing consequence in a concept of default, and later a foreclosures.Sever price Price – the hobby fee the Federal Reserve affords to member banks and thrifts.Doctor Mortgage – a mortgage designed particularly for a health care provider that would also allow financing sooner than employment history is established.Down Payment – an upfront price made by the residence purchaser against the property explain label, most ceaselessly ranging from 5 to twenty %. The the leisure of the sales prices makes up the mortgage loan quantity.Earnest Money – a deposit paid to the seller by the purchaser as a pledge to total a exact estate transaction. If the seller accepts the offer, the deposit is held in escrow and utilized to closing prices when the deal is closed.Equal Credit Opportunity Act – a federal law that prevents lenders from discriminating applicants in line with speed, religion, nationwide origin, sex, age, marital position or involvement in public support programsEscrow – a third birthday party middleman who holds and allocates funds, in conjunction with taxes and insurance coverage in a mortgage transaction.Federal Funds Price – the hobby fee banks price one yet another for overnight exhaust of excess reserves.Federal Dwelling Mortgage Mortgage Company – one of many finest financiers of weak mortgages on the secondary market. Properly is called Freddie Mac.Federal Nationwide Mortgage Company – a publicly owned, executive-subsidized company that functions mortgages and resells them on the secondary market. Is also called Fannie Mae.FHA Mortgage – a program originated all the draw via The Enormous Unhappy that enables decrease profits debtors to qualify for mortgages as prolonged as they match sure requirements space forth by the Federal Housing Administration who insures them.First-Time Dwelling Buyer – most ceaselessly outlined as somebody who has no longer owned yet another property at any time all the draw via the three years ahead of the date of the acquisition.Fixed-Price Mortgage – a mortgage with a relentless hobby fee that can no longer alter at any point all the draw via the lifestyles of the loan.Foreclosure – the suitable assignment by which a monetary institution or lender sells a property after a borrower fails to fulfill the repayment terms of the loan.Gift Letter – a letter required by the borrower when the utilization of gift funds to acquire a mortgage loan.Truthful Faith Estimate – a disclosure which crucial aspects your loan abstract and an estimate of the funds you’ll incur upon settlement, now might perhaps well be known as the Mortgage Estimate (LE).Graduated Payment Mortgage – a adverse amortization mortgage with versatile price alternatives that gradually develop over time till leveling off. Supposed for younger couples who are unable to assemble the fat mortgage price, nonetheless whose profits will develop over time.Great Money Mortgage – a mortgage of closing resort for debtors who can’t acquire financing in the same old market because of this of adverse credit.HARP Mortgage – a refinance loan offered to these with adverse fairness.Hazard Insurance – insurance coverage which protects a property owner from damages precipitated by hearth or excessive weather.Dwelling Appraisal – a comprehensive story that determines the label of your property in line with a different of valuation components.Dwelling Equity – the label of a property much less any and all existing liens. If a borrower owns a property price $500,000 and has liens of $four hundred,000, fairness is $a hundred,000.Dwelling Equity Line of Credit – a line of credit that uses the label of a property as collateral.Impound Story – an yarn established by the issuing monetary institution/lender or loan servicer to catch month-to-month and robotically pay a borrower’s property taxes and insurance coverage prices when funds are due.Ardour-Most efficient Mortgage – a residence loan that helps you to pay appropriate the hobby fragment of the mortgage price each month.Investment Property – a property that you carry out no longer device shut, nonetheless quite rent out to a tenant.Islamic Mortgage – a mortgage that avoids the price or receipt of hobby, which is illegal beneath Islamic law.Jumbo Mortgage – a loan quantity above the conforming loan limits, which is determined each yr by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. These loans most ceaselessly carry better hobby rates than conforming loans because they are going to’t be sold to Fannie or Freddie.Lender Credit – a credit paid by the lender to the borrower for taking an above-market hobby fee.Lender-Paid Mortgage Insurance – the lender pays for your mortgage insurance coverage in trade for a better hobby fee in your mortgage.Lender Overlay – a tenet (or space of pointers) as well to these required by Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, or the FHA/VA.Letter of Clarification – a overall loan situation required to sure up or present extra crucial aspects for any topic that needs additional review.Lien – a claim against a property by the issuing monetary institution or lender to acquire repayment of a debt, most ceaselessly in the place or a mortgage.Mortgage Officer – a representative of a monetary institution or dealer who originates mortgages on their behalf.Mortgage Origination – the initiation of the residence loan assignment whereby a borrower submits their details to a monetary institution or lender in expose to acquire mortgage financing.Mortgage Processor – the actual person that handles the final paperwork associated with closing your loan.Mortgage-to-Payment – the proportion of the appraised property price that is borrowed from a monetary institution or lender. A down price of 20% would develop a loan-to-price of eighty%.Margin – a given quantity specified by the monetary institution or lender which when added to the accompanying mortgage index sets the hobby fee for an adjustable-fee mortgage.Mortgage – a immediate loan weak to finance the acquisition of exact property, additionally known as a residence loan.Mortgage Dealer – an self ample loan originator who works on behalf of customers to acquire mortgage financing.  Brokers don’t signify a single monetary institution, nonetheless quite work with a mammoth different of lenders.Mortgage Sever price Facets – a place of pay as you bound hobby whereby the borrower lowers the hobby fee of the mortgage at closing.Mortgage Due Date – the date your mortgage price is due each month all the draw via the loan’s length.Mortgagee – the issuing monetary institution or mortgage lender.Mortgage Insurance – required insurance coverage on a mortgage if the down price is no longer up to twenty % and a single loan is weak to finance the property.Mortgage Unhurried – a term weak in the mortgage alternate to name a tiring price that is 30 days or more previous due.Mortgage Lender – an institution that originates mortgage loans both to withhold for hobby profits or promote on the secondary market.Mortgage Payment – the label of your loan, paid month-to-month.Mortgage Facets – stands for a proportion point of the loan quantity, most ceaselessly makes up the origination fee, which can be a little bit of a relate multiple aspects.Mortgage Essential – the steadiness of the lien(s) on a property, no longer in conjunction with hobby. What you owe in your mortgage.Mortgage Price – the fee of hobby associated along with your mortgage.Mortgage Price Lock – the act of locking-in a desired hobby fee in your mortgage so it might perhaps perchance perchance not trade. Borrowers additionally comprise the design to switch with the breeze their fee.Mortgage Timeframe – the length of your mortgage. Most are 30 years, though 15 years is additionally very overall.Mortgage Underwriter – the actual person that choices your mortgage by both approving, suspending, or declining it.Mortgagor – the borrower or homeowner.Detrimental Amortization – when a mortgage price bought is beneath the hobby-simplest price, the adaptation will seemingly be added onto the major steadiness of the loan.Ninja Mortgage – no profits, no job, no asset loan. A “Ninja loan” is alternate slang for a no doc loan, which doesn’t require profits, asset, or job verification.  NoIncomeNoJobAssets.  It’s no longer particularly for Ninjas, unless they’ve bought one thing to hide.No Closing Imprint Refinance – a refinance transaction in which the monetary institution or dealer pays all settlement prices.Snarl – a written promise to repay the mortgage plus hobby, which comprises the title of the borrower, issuing lender, and the terms and provisions.Risk Arm – a residence loan that affords debtors four price alternatives, in conjunction with a adverse amortization price option.Origination Payment – a proportion of the loan quantity charged by the monetary institution or dealer for polishing off the loan assignment.Par Price – the hobby fee a borrower will qualify for assuming there isn’t any longer any such thing as a fee manipulation.Payment Shock – a sudden, mammoth develop in the month-to-month mortgage price because of an adjustable-fee mortgage or via a refinance with recent financing terms.Piggyback Mortgage – a 2nd mortgage that closes concurrently with the indispensable mortgage to chop the final obligatory down price.PITI – the month-to-month housing expense, expressed as major, hobby, taxes, and insurance coverage (seek: mortgage price).Pre-Approval/Pre-Qualification – processes to establish what you might perhaps well perhaps comprise ample money to make sure which you might also acquire mortgage financing when buying a property.Prepayment Penalty – if a loan is refinanced or repaid ahead of a undeniable date as agreed upon in the loan documents, a fee will seemingly be charged by the monetary institution or lender.Predominant Location – a residence or apartment you map to device shut nearly all of the yr.High Price – the hobby fee offered by industrial banks to its simplest corporate customers.Take hang of Money Mortgage – a mortgage weak to remove a little bit of property.Certified Mortgage – a residence loan that meets recent underwriting pointers established by the CFPB.  Is also called a QM loan.Quitclaim Deed – a doc by which a person both disclaims hobby in a property or transfers hobby to yet another person, most ceaselessly a companion.Refinance – the act of fixing your existing loan(s) with a brand recent loan on the same property. There are two predominant sorts of refinancing, in conjunction with a fee and term refinance and money-out refinance.Reserve Requirements – the quantity of verifiable assets or no longer it’s crucial to qualify for a given mortgage.Resetting the Clock – must you refinance and lengthen the distinctive loan term of your mortgage.Reverse Mortgage – a mortgage reserved for homeowners veteran sixty two or older who esteem to faucet their residence fairness without paying month-to-month mortgage funds.Right of Rescission – a law which allows a homeowner to rescind a contract to refinance their predominant position internal three days of signing loan documents .Second Mortgage – a mortgage taken out tiring a first mortgage, both similtaneously or after the truth.Vendor Carryback – when a seller acts as the monetary institution or lender and carries a 2nd mortgage on the topic property.Short Sale – a foreclosures different the build a property is sold for no longer up to the steadiness on the associated mortgage.Short Refinance – a refinance transaction the build the lender agrees to diminish the fee and/or trade the term despite the mortgage steadiness exceeding the property price.Stated Earnings Mortgage – a mortgage in which the borrower does no longer desire to doc their profits.Streamline Refinance – an expedited refinance that requires puny underwriting, and might perhaps well even forego the need for an appraisal.Subprime Mortgage – a residence loan reserved for folks which comprise marginal credit or discipline qualifying for a primitive loan.Teaser Price – the initial, discounted hobby fee offered on adjustable-fee mortgages.Title Insurance – safety against lawsuits and claims tied to the chain of title on the topic property.Underwater Mortgage – a mortgage whose steadiness exceeds the label of the property.  Is also called an “upside down” mortgage.USDA loan – a mortgage insured by the USDA that enables debtors to remove properties in rural areas with nothing down.VA Mortgage – a mortgage offered to veterans and their families that is guaranteed by the Veterans Administration.Yield Spread Top fee – the commission mortgage brokers weak to acquire from banks and mortgage lenders by originating loans.Zero Down Mortgage – a residence loan that doesn’t require a down price.Zestimate – the estimated market price of a little bit of property in line with Zillow’s algorithm.
    Go to Top